In spite of the apparent inexistence of the term wali and of its translation in traditional Chinese Islam, the cult of Muslim saints is well-attested in this part of the umma:  Focusing on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, F.A. offers erudite historical explanations of the terms gongbei (sacred tomb, from the Persian gunbad = Arabic qubba, through the latter’s varied architectural forms in Xinjiang and Ningxia) and menhuan (mystical path, each being centred on the gongbei of the founder of the line).  The second part of the paper is devoted to the history of the first great gongbei, that of the introducer of Qadiriyya in China, and to an overview of the role of relics in the transmission of charisma inside varied menhuans through the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The Redaction
CER: I-5.3.E-499