The paper reconstructs the history of the journal Etnograficheskoe obozrenie (“Ethnographic Review”), published in Moscow first from 1889 to 1918, then from 1926 onwards—under the titles Etnografiia (“Ethnography”) from 1926 to 1931, and Sovetskaia etnografiia [“Soviet Ethnography”] from 1931 to 1992)—, Russia’s most prominent ethnographical periodical publication in the Tsarist and Soviet periods. Though deploring the lack of collaboration by representatives of sciences like (physical) anthropology, archaeology, and folklore studies, the author evokes at length the permanent contribution of the journal’s authors to the renewal of methodological issues along the 1920s—explicitly taken for a Golden Age of ethnography in the former Soviet Union—, under the growing influence of Marxism-Leninism until the journal’s final reorganisation in 1931 under a new denomination.
See also: Tumarkin D. D., “Chetyrnadtsat’ let v ‘Sovetskoi etnografii’ (iz vospominanii zamestitelia gl. redaktora zhurnala v 1966-1980 gg.) [Fourteen Years in Sovetskaia Etnografiia (out of the Memories of the Vice-Head-Editor of the Journal in 1966-1980)],” ibid.: 20-6. The Vice-Editor of the journal Sovetskaia etnografiia recalls the change that occurred in the Institute of Ethnography of the USSR in the aftermath of the nomination of Iu. V. Bromlei as its Director in 1966. In spite of censorship, a new climate appeared, that was largely reflected in the pages of the institute’s journal, notably through numerous discussions (like the debate on Morgan-Engels’ notion of primeval societies).