The site Wikistan.eu, including its sub-domains such as community.wikistan.eu, hereafter named Wikistan (also named the Portal), is a collaborative open-content portal of Central Eurasian studies, conceived and developed by the School of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS), 54 bvd. Raspail, 75006 Paris (France). Any person accessing or using Wikistan commits her/himself to respect, without restriction or reserve, the present general conditions of utilisation.
Wikistan is provided as a service for scholars, students, and practitioners in Central Eurasian studies, as well as for other interested readers. Wikistan, as well as its connected services, is intended to allow Community members to connect with one another and share their work, thoughts, and ideas, and it is therefore dedicated to free expression in a collaborative, collegial environment. Wikistan also host several publications on the Portal that are intended for scholarly and pedagogical use.
The Terms specify the rights and responsibilities that guide EHESS and end-users in the utilisation of Wikistan. They determine the access rules and they define methods for the contributions and for the reutilisation of contents and data.
EHESS reserves the right to modify, substantially or not, at any time and without previous notice, the general conditions of utilisation, in order notably to take into account any legal, jurisprudential, editorial and/or technical evolution. The version that prevails is the version accessible online. Therefore, it is advisable to refer regularly to the last version of these general conditions of utilisation.
Access to Wikistan
The end-user recognises that he/she has the necessary competences and means for accessing and utilising Wikistan. You recognise that you have checked that the computer configuration used does not contain any computer viruses or malware, and that is it in perfect working order. The administration of the site does everything possible to offer the users of the portal available and verified information and instruments. However, EHESS cannot be held responsible for possible mistakes, the unavailability of peculiar information or the presence of viruses on the portal. The functions incorporated into Wikistan or its data are not guaranteed against interruptions and errors of operation. The user will assume the spending of any resort to services, repairs or corrections occasioned by the portal’s utilisation.
Each visitor to the site will be able to view a certain amount of contents from the Portal without having to register. What can be viewed publicly is solely decided by the host of the Portal.
Registration with Wikistan is open to anyone working in or interested in Central Eurasian studies. There are two categories of users:
- Subscribers to the Portal have access to most content displayed on the Portal. They cannot post content on the Portal and their registration data is not publicly displayed.
- Members of the Wikistan Community (the Community) include scholars working in Central Eurasian studies. To become a member, you must fill out the complete registration form and be approved by the administration of the site. The approval of a community member will notably rest on his or her endorsement by at least two pre-existing members or the publication of two recognised academic publications on Central Eurasia.
When he/she registers as an active reader or a contributor, the end-user commits her/himself not to utilise a pseudo or electronic address that could infringe the rights of third parties (notably the utilisation of others’ patronymic name, pseudonym or mark, or of works protected by the author’s or another right), on whatever grounds. The capture of the user’s identifier and password is proof of her/his connection. They will be requested at every connection.
End-users recognise that they are the only persons responsible, towards Wikistan and/or any other physical or legal person, for the possible utilisation of their elements of identification by third parties or for actions or declarations made through the capture of their identifier and password.
Overall, EHESS reserves the right to refuse or cancel a member registration in Wikistan if it detects, or if it is reported an obvious offence against the rights of third parties to this title, or an inaccurate information, in the registration form. EHESS also reserves the prerogative to deny your access to Wikistan if we believe that you misuse your rights.
The use of the Portal is free of charge.
Portal content and use
Community members may share content on the Portal, including but not limited to publishing or commenting on thematic forums, sharing research material, critical reviews, sharing the user’s profile information and images, and otherwise making material available on the Portal.
When submitting a material for publication on Wikistan, you accept, in your capacity as contributor, the Charter of Participation.
When you submit contributions, you expressly recognise and accept the following conditions:
- The contribution that you submit to Wikistan is in our hands. We reserve the right to refuse its publication.
- You guarantee that the material that you submit to Wikistan is your own original work and that you possess the author’s rights and all other relevant rights.
- You guarantee that the material and information submitted to Wikistan are neither offensive nor illegal in the eyes of the French and European law.
- You accept not to submit to Wikistan contributions intended deliberately to implicate other users.
- You commit yourself to make sure that your contribution to Wikistan be not defamatory.
- You recognise that any violation of these conditions can bring about for Wikistan damages or losses.
- You accept that your contribution be fully or partly diffused by Wikistan on any page of the portal, in order to facilitate the management of the storage and its accessibility.
- You grant EHESS a worldwide license, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable and free of rights for publishing and disseminating to the public any material that you submit to us in all formats and without limitations for paper and electronic editions. You accept, too, that we permit other parties to publish and disseminate to the public any material that you submit to us in any format.
Use of the Portal
We grant you access to the Portal on the condition that you not undertake any of the following actions in connection with your access to the Portal:
(1) Restrict or inhibit any other person from using the Portal;
(2) Transmit any software or other materials that contain any virus, worm, time bomb, Trojan horse, or other harmful or disruptive component or otherwise interfere with or disrupt the operation of the Network or servers hosting or connected to the Portal;
(3) Use the Portal for any unlawful purpose or otherwise violate any applicable laws, rules, or regulations in connection with your use of the Portal;
(4) Transmit (a) any content or information that is unlawful, fraudulent, threatening, harassing, abusive, libelous, defamatory, obscene, or otherwise objectionable or that infringes on our or any third party’s intellectual property or other rights; (b) any material, nonpublic information (about companies or otherwise) without the authorization to do so; or (c) any spam, advertisements, solicitations, chain letters, or other unsolicited commercial communication (except as otherwise expressly permitted by us in writing);
(5) Modify, adapt, sublicense, translate, sell, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, or deface any portion of the Portal;
(6) Remove any copyright, trademark, or other proprietary rights notices contained in the Portal;
(7) Use any robot, spider, site search/retrieval application, or other manual or automatic device or process to retrieve, index, “data mine,” or in any way reproduce or circumvent the navigational structure or presentation of the Portal and its content. This limitation is not intended to restrict legitimate scholarly surveys of Content or Portal usage;
(8) Harvest or collect information about Portal’s visitors; or
(9) “Frame” or “mirror” any part of the Portal without our prior written authorization.
Termination of the user relationship
Each user may terminate his or her user relationship by correspondingly notifying the host. In order to terminate this relationship and have one’s user account removed from the Portal, a user must write an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org stating that he or she would like to have his or her account removed.
We may terminate your access to the Site, without cause or notice, which may result in the forfeiture and destruction of all information associated with your account. All provisions of this Agreement that, by their nature, should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity, and limitations of liability.
No Contract, Limited Licence
The information displayed on Wikistan is provided freely. No kind of agreement or contract is created between you and the owners or users of this site, the owners of the servers upon which it is housed, the individual and institutional Wikistan contributors, any project administrators, sysops of anyone else who is in any way connected with this project or sister projects subject to your claims against them directly. You are being granted a limited licence to copy anything from this site. It does not create or imply any contractual or extra-contractual liability on the part of Wikistan or any of its agents, members, organisers or end-users.
There is no agreement or understanding between you and Wikistan regarding your use of modification of this information beyond the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0 Unported License (CC-BY-NC-ND).
Links to Third-Party Web Sites
No warranties and disclaimer of liability
Please, be advised that despite the efforts made by Wikistan to have all the portal’s contents reviewed by people with the required expertise, Wikistan makes no guarantee of validity of the information found here and does not bear responsibility for the opinions expressed by the portal’s authors.
Although contributions and comments are peer reviewed through a chain of validation, all information read here is without any implied warranty of fitness for any purpose or use whatsoever. None of the contributors, sponsors, administrators or anyone else connected with Wikistan in any way whatsoever can be responsible for the appearance of any inaccurate or libellous information or for your use of the information contained in or linked from these web pages.
Wikistan contains materials that may portrait an identifiable person who is alive or deceased recently. The use of images of living or recently deceased individuals is, in some jurisdictions, restricted by laws pertaining to personality rights, independent from their copyright status. Before using these types of content, please ensure that you have the right to use it under the laws which apply in the circumstances of your intended use. You are solely responsible for ensuring that you do not infringe someone else’s personal rights.
Jurisdiction and Legality of Content
Publication of information found in Wikistan may be in violation of the laws of the country or jurisdiction from where you are viewing this information. The Wikistan database is stored on servers in the European Union and is maintained in reference to the protections under national and EU law. Laws in your country of jurisdiction may not protect or allow the same kinds of speech or distribution. Wikistan does not encourage the violation of any laws and cannot be responsible for any violations of such laws, should you link to this domain or use, reproduce or republish the information contained herein.
In its function of reflection of a diversity of trends and opinions, Wikistan contains hundreds of items on a vast array of topics. Its current policy is to include such content, provided it breaches neither any of our existing policies (especially academic rigour and precision) nor the laws of the European Union and France, where Wikistan is hosted. In any case, Wikistan is a work in progress and we encourage readers to help us fix possible problems.
Charter of Participation
Wikistan is a place for exchange of data, information, knowledge and ideas. Some rules are indispensable for participation, in order to ensure the quality of the materials and discussions.
First, every contributor to the portal is requested to be an academic – teacher, researcher or MA/PhD student – specialising in Central Eurasian studies and to possess, at least, one article in a peer-reviewed scientific journal (or one chapter in a peer-reviewed collective volume) or to be recommended by at least two existing members of the Community.
Moreover, all contributions are expected to rely on solid sources and references, and to take into account the research tradition developed in the field and discipline they represent. Their authors are expected, too, not to publish any material that could endanger, directly or indirectly, Wikistan or any person or group mentioned or evoked in the submitted materials. Defamation and plagiarism, in particular, will run risks of prosecution. The readers are invited to provide, when needed, additional information, alternative comments and contradictory reviews, which Wikistan will accept every time they contribute to the progress of the debate, respect other people’s viewpoints and are devoid of personal attacks. Wikistan reserves the right to refuse any contribution that would not respect these rules.
Who can contribute?
Any registered user of Wikistan can participate in the creation of its contents, as long as the general rules of the charter for participation are respected.
Who does what?
As a reader, do not hesitate to let us know your remarks and suggestions. As a member of the Community, you are invited to comment on the released materials in order to bring further additional information. As an author, you are expected to write and sign your materials, and to comment on other contributions.
Anonymity can be provided every time when necessary.
Instances of Validation
All materials submitted are validated either by the Secretary of Redaction (for the Data level) or by the Redaction Committee (for all the other levels). The Redaction Committee can be led to ask for additions or further information, or to propose wording changes.
Creative Commons Free Licenses
All the contributions on Wikistan are under Creative Common free licenses of diffusion, according to their natures and statuses:
- The Data-level materials, of free utilisation.
- The materials published in the other rubrics under the license CC BY NC ND 4.0.
You wish to contribute to Wikistan.
You wish to point out a technical issue or to suggest new practicalities.
You wish to suggest us a possible correction or complaint.
You would like to publish an alternative viewpoint.
You wish to report a possible abuse.
You have questions on our confidentiality policy.
You wish to become a partner or to support Wikistan.
You have questions, whatever they may be.
Please, contact us. Mail to: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Wikistan is an English-language collaborative multifunction portal open to researchers, senior and junior, whatever their institutional affiliation. A prerequisite for publishing in Wikistan is the availability of personal publications in scientific journals or collective volumes.
The portal proposes an endless-stream electronic publication with possible occasional or regular paper printings for part of its contents. All the materials released on Wikistan are openly accessible online, in unabridged versions, in HTML format. Every released item obtains a unique and perennial internet address (URL) that can serve as reference for quotation in academic or other works.
Materials’ Submissions, Assessment Procedures
The Portal publishes materials of a wide diversity of formats: photos, figures, albums, tenders, teaching programmes, book and article reviews, individual columns, essays and chronicles, workshop proceedings, collaborative thematic forums, etc.
Every submitted material, whatever its nature, must be original and unpublished, save only those partaking of the portal’s formal collaboration with institutional partners. Materials for publication can be either commissioned by the Redaction or proposed spontaneously. When they consist of English translations of materials published in other languages, their authors must beforehand inform the portal’s management. In this case, they must possess the rights on the exploiting of the original work.
The size of the materials submitted is not limited except for the book reviews, columns and essays. For the norms of presentation, the authors are invited to conform to the indications provided on the portal.
First, the Redaction Committee examines the conformity of all submissions with the Portal’s editorial line and scientific prerequisites.
For materials such as columns and essays, the materials can possibly be transmitted, anonymously, to one or several evaluators selected for her/his/their competence in the field. After the reception of assessments, the Redaction Committee informs the author and/or holder of the project. According to the transmitted recommendations (of minor or major significance), the material is accepted unmodified, accepted with condition of modifications or rejected.
For the items submitted to the Redaction Committee, the authors commit themselves to reserving to Wikistan the exclusive publication of their proposal, in any language, until the Committee delivers its advice – i.e., within six months after the proposal’s delivery. Authors cannot withdraw these materials after acceptation of their publication by the Redaction Committee. As to the opinions expressed in these materials, they bind only their authors.
Wikistan tries to make sure not to submit a proposal to evaluators in potential conflict with its author or, on the contrary, excessively close to her/him intellectually, institutionally or personally. The Portal endeavours to select evaluators with complementary competences, especially when dealing with proposals that promote interdisciplinary positions.
On their side, the evaluators must assess the materials received confidentially. They must not distribute or share them and, in case of clash of interests, known or possible, they must inform the Portal. The Redaction Committee evaluates the relevance of the received assessments and establishes a synthesis transmitted to the author. The final cession of publication is up to the Redaction Committee.
The Portal encourages the work of international junior scholars. When necessary, it assists them at every stage of the redaction process.
Through the acceptation of the present charter, the transfer is agreed for having effect in all places and all countries, for all the duration of the literary property of the author and her/his legal successors, based on the French and foreign law and on international conventions, present or future, including possible extensions of this duration.
The author guarantees EHESS the entire, peaceable and free use of the rights transferred against any trouble, claim and eviction by third parties as to the authorised exploiting. The author guarantees, in particular, that her/his work is entirely original and includes no borrowing from another work, which could bind the responsibility of EHESS.
The author transfers to EHESS all the rights of reproduction and representation that concern her/his work and can be exploited by EHESS for the version in the language of deposit.
Right of Reproduction
The right to fully or partly reproduce or adapt the author’s work by any present or future process on any kind of supports, notably paper, electronic, video, multimedia, interactive, digital tablet, USB device, etc.
The right to reproduce the work, its adaptations into another work, whatever the form and structure of the latter, including the form of a data base, whatever the support on which this will be reproduced.
The right of reproduction by reprography according to the Article L. 122-10 of the Code of Intellectual Property of the French Republic, may the publication of the work transfer this right to a registered company of collective management or the exploiting be operated in the conditions of the Paragraph 3 of the Article L. 122-10 of the Code of Intellectual Property.
Right of Representation
The right to represent the work, its adaptation by dissemination, notably through public reading or recitation, radio or TV broadcast (through terrestrial, satellite, cable or digital radio or TV), cinema – either free, through inclusive subscription or for an individualised price –, multimedia support, interactive and by any process of diffusion of speech, sound and images.
The right to represent the work and its adaptations, by all networks of electronic broadcast, by wire or wireless, on a network open or reserved to subscribers, in multichannel package, whatever the targeted audience, by all electronic process, notably the Internet, by fixed-line or mobile telephone, by consultation on request or not, by audio or video on request or not, downloading or podcasting.
The right to reutilise the work, its adaptations separately or inside another work, including a database, its translations or adaptations for the same uses as those described above.
NB – It is understood that EHESS can exert the transferred rights only with respect of the author’s moral rights.
Rights on images, illustrations and charts
The author guarantees EHESS the entire, peaceable and free use of the transferred rights for the images, illustrations and charts contained in the submitted material, against any trouble, claim and eviction by third parties as to the authorised exploiting. These rights must permit free exploiting in conformity with to the portal’s requirements.
The portal authorises every author to publish translations of her/his article in languages other than English, so long as it is informed beforehand and that mention is made, in this non-English version, of the initial publication in Wikistan.
Protection against Plagiary
Plagiary in all its forms is illegal practice. No significant part of a material submitted to Wikistan must have been already published by another author, in any form, nor have been considered a publication. If a contributor utilises the work and words of other authors, this work or works must be quoted or referenced appropriately.
In case of suspicion of plagiary, the Redaction Committee reserves the right to refuse the submitted material’s publication, to remove it if it has been published and to undertake any legal action that it will think appropriate.
We ask you to read attentively the terms of our privacy notice so that you be conscious of the way we collect and utilise your personal information. By visiting the Website, you are accepting the policies described in this Privacy notice.
This Privacy Notice relates to information which is obtained via the platform Wikistan and for which the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) is the Data Controller.
Any personal data that we collect from you, or that you provide to us will be processed by us in compliance with the new General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) (EU) 2017/676 and the French law on ‘Data Processing and Liberties’ (Informatique et Libertés) of 6 January 1978. This processing has been declared to the National Commission for Data Processing and Liberties (CNIL in French acronyms).
This Notice provides you with the necessary information regarding your rights and our obligations. By visiting the Portal, using the Website or providing us with any of your personal data, you are accepting the policies described in this Privacy Notice. If you do not agree with this Privacy Notice, you should not use the Website. We may revise this privacy notice from time to time. We will post any changes here, so please check back periodically.
Collection of Information
The EHESS may collect and process your personal information to meet our obligations and to provide you with our products and services. The EHESS will not collect any unnecessary personal data from you.
The data that we collect from you includes:
Information that you provide to us
When using our Portal, you will be asked to provide us with your information when you:
- fill in forms on our website, particularly the registration form;
- report a problem with our website;
- Depending on the information and/or services you request, you may be asked to provide your name, email address, postal address, phone number, and similar information relating to your academic work.
Information we collect about you
With regard to each of your visits to our website, we may automatically collect the following information:
- device-specific information, such as your hardware model, operating system version, unique device identifiers, and mobile network information;
- technical information about your computer, including where available, your IP address, operating system and browser type, for system administration and analytical purposes; and
- details of your visits to our website, including the full Uniform Resource Locators (URL) clickstream to, through and from our website (including date and time), length of visits to certain pages, and page interaction information (such as scrolling, clicks, and mouse-overs).
We do not, however, seek to link this information to your name and other identifying details if you provide them.
Information we receive from other sources
When using our services, we may be in contact with third parties who may provide us with certain information about you in order to enable your use of the services.
How EHESS uses your information and justification of use
Use of personal information under EU data protection laws must be justified under one of a number of legal “grounds” and we are required to set out the ground in respect of each use in this notice. These are the principal grounds that justify our use of your information:
- Consent: where you have consented to our use of your information (you are providing explicit, informed, freely given consent, in relation to any such use and may withdraw your consent in the circumstance detailed below by notifying us);
- Contract performance: where your information is necessary to enter into or perform our contract with you;
- Legal obligation: where we need to use your information to comply with our legal obligations;
- Vital interests: where we need to use your information to protect your vital interests;
- Legitimate interests: where we use your information to achieve a legitimate interest and our reasons for using it outweigh any prejudice to your data protection rights; and
- Legal claims: where your information is necessary for us to defend, prosecute or make a claim against you or a third party.
You have consented for us to use and hold your personal data and we do so in the following ways:
- to provide you with access to our website and any other information which you request from us (consent)
- to ensure you receive information relevant to you (consent)
- to ensure the content on our Website is presented in the most effective manner for you and your computer or mobile device (legitimate interests)
- to administer our Website and for internal operations, including research, data analysis and data statistics (legitimate interest)
- to notify you about changes to our services (legitimate interest)
- We do not sell your personal data (or any other data you provide us with) to third-parties. We will not disclose or share your personal data without your consent.
Participation in the Community
We may use your information to guarantee smooth editorial processes or to promote our own services/events as by regularly sending you newsletters by email and, where required by law, we will ask for your consent at the time we collect your data to conduct any of these types of promotions. If you no longer wish to receive such information you can withdraw your consent at any time.
We will provide an option to unsubscribe or opt-out of further communication on any electronic marketing communication sent to you or you may opt out by contacting us.
Disclosure of your information
We may disclose your personal information to organisations who work with us in providing the Website and the associated services (such as analytics providers and website developers).
We may also disclose your personal information to third parties if we are under a duty to disclose or share your personal data in order to comply with any legal obligation or to protect the rights, property, or safety of the EHESS, our users, or others.
We may disclose your personal information to third parties, the court service and/or regulators or law enforcement agencies in connection with proceedings or investigations anywhere in the world where compelled to do so. Where permitted, we will direct any such request to you or notify you before responding unless to do so would prejudice the prevention or detection of a crime (use justification: legal obligation, legal claims, legitimate interests (to cooperate with law enforcement and regulatory authorities).
Where we store your personal information
Personal information provided through the Website is stored in a cloud-based database. Access to the database is limited to designated EHESS staff. The data can only be accessed through a secure firewall by designated individuals with a username and password, and who have been given access to the database.
No data transmission over the internet or website can be guaranteed to be secure from intrusion. However, we maintain commercially reasonable physical, electronic and procedural safeguards to protect your personal information in accordance with data protection legislative requirements.
How long we retain your personal data
We will hold the above information for as long as is necessary in order to provide you with the Services, deal with any specific issues that may raise, or otherwise as is required by law or any relevant regulatory body.
Some personal data may need to be retained for longer than this to ensure that the EHESS can comply with applicable laws and internal compliance procedures, including retaining your email address for marketing communication suppression if you have opted not to receive any further marketing.
If information is used for two purposes, we will retain it until the purpose with the latest period expires but we will stop using it for the purpose with a shorter period when that period expires.
We restrict access to your personal information to those persons who need to use it for the relevant purpose(s).
A cookie is a block of data that does not allow identifying its author. Conversely, a cookie stores information relative to your browsing of a site (the pages you consulted, the date and hour of the consultation, etc.). The utilisation of cookies is optional. You can however oppose their presence, refuse and suppress them. For this, please, consult the assistance files of your browser.
Currently, Wikistan does not utilise cookies.
Warning: cookies of third parties
We bring your attention to the fact that we are not responsible for the implementation by the social network(s) to which you belong of third-party cookies on your computer. Social networks have the possibility to place on your computer a cookie that permits your identification, notably when you use a functionality that permits you to express your opinion on a content or a publication. Our site includes applications linked with diverse social networks (Facebook, Twitter, etc.). Called ‘social plugins’, these applications allow us proposing you the recommendation of a choice of contents.
When you ask for a page of our portal that contains one of these plugins, your browser establishes a direct connection with the browsers of the concerned social network. The content of the plugin will be directly transmitted to your browser by this social network, and inserted into the Internet page. For being acquainted with the objectives and the extent of the collection of data, of the processing and utilisation of data by the social network(s) to which you belong, as well as with your rights and possibilities of modification of the parameters of protection of your private life, please consult the general conditions of utilisation of each concerned social network.
If you do not want that a social network collect data concerning you on our portal, please, disconnect from this social network before visiting us.
Under the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2017/676, you have various rights in relation to your personal data. All of these rights can be exercised by contacting us at email@example.com or via postal mail at EHESS / CETOBAC / Wikistan
54, boulevard Raspail
You have the following rights in relation to your personal data:
- We will use reasonable endeavours to ensure that your personal information is accurate. In order to assist us with this, you should notify us of any changes to the personal information that you have provided to us by sending us a request to rectify your personal data where you believe the personal data we have is inaccurate or incomplete;
- To ask us to delete all of your personal data. Doing so will result in the EHESS deleting your personal data without undue delay (unless there is a legitimate and legal reason why the EHESS is unable to delete certain of your personal data, in which case we will inform you of this in writing);
- To ask us to stop processing your personal data at any time;
- To request that the EHESS provides you with a copy of all of your personal data and to transmit your personal data to another data controller in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format, where it is technically feasible for us to do so; and
- To lodge a complaint to a supervisory authority, although we encourage you to engage with us in the event you have any concerns or complaints.
Asking us to stop processing your personal data or deleting your personal data will likely mean that you are no longer able to use our Portal, or at least those aspects of the services which require the processing of the types of personal data you have asked us to delete.
Where you request the EHESS to rectify or erase your personal data or restrict any processing of such personal data, the EHESS may notify third parties to whom such personal data has been disclosed of such request. However, such third parties may have the right to retain and continue to process such personal data in its own right or on other lawful grounds without your consent.
Changes to this notice
Any changes we make to our privacy notice in the future will be posted on this page and where appropriate, notified to you by email.